TITLE

THE UNITED STATES AND THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: (UN)FORGING FUTURE PEACE

AUTHOR(S)
Fernandez, Erwin S.
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
International Social Science Review;2005, Vol. 80 Issue 1/2, p41
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article focuses on the intervention of the U.S. in the Arab-Israeli peace process. The United States has supported Israel as its strategic ally in the Middle East. This has not only provoked the anger of the Arab states but also made the Israeli-Palestinian dispute one of the most vexing and dangerous diplomatic problems since World War II. Zionism, a movement promoting the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine that originated in the 1890s, immediately attracted a sizable following. At first, Americans viewed Zionism as "merely a minority political group" that only dealt with the domestic affairs of the Jews. By 1947, economic hardship caused Great Britain to transfer its mandate over Palestine to the United Nations. Since the election of George W. Bush, U.S. policy has remained undeniably less assuring. Bush proved more aligned with Palestinian demands than Clinton by insisting upon an eighty-five percent return of occupied territories to the Palestinians. Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, however, argued that only forty-two percent of the West Bank and eighty percent of the Gaza Strip should constitute the Palestinian state. Bush removed the U.S. from the peace process leaving the two parties to devise their own schemes for negotiation.
ACCESSION #
17577554

 

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