The Part-Work and Part-Farm Population and the Shift of the Agricultural Labor Force

Kang Jiusheng
December 1988
Chinese Sociology & Anthropology;Winter1988/1989, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p58
Academic Journal
This article presents information about part-work and part-farm population and the shift of the agricultural labor force. The part-work and part-farm population is a new population type that has emerged since the 1960s along with the advancement of the national economy, especially following the development of communea and brigade-run enterprises in the countryside. They make up approximately four percent of the nation's total rural population, ten percent of the total agricultural labor force, and more than one-third of the surplus farm labor. The emergence and growth of this new type of population manifests itself as a more favorable mode of population shift; it suits Chinese national condition better than does simply transforming rural residents into urban dwellers. The article informs that transfer of the farming population into the nonfarming sector and the accompanying changes in the labor force structure and the distribution of population between town and country are the inevitable trends of economic progress and historical development in all nations.


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