Chalmers, James A.; Greenwood, Michael J.
December 1980
Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press);Dec1980, Vol. 61 Issue 3/4, p524
Academic Journal
The article argues that the rural-to-urban migration turnaround cannot meaningfully be considered apart from conditions in the United States' most highly urbanized areas, namely, the Northeast and North Central regions. Since approximately 1970, trends in the spatial distribution of population in the U.S. have undergone dramatic changes. After many decades which the West experienced the greatest volume of net inmigration, the South has, since 1970, had a volume of net inmigration about twice that of the West. Moreover, the rate of population growth in metropolitan areas has slowed considerably, in part because the central city population of many metropolitan areas has declined in absolute numbers and the suburhan growth boom of prior years has moderated appreciably. Partially as a cause and partially as a consequence of these changed circumstances, the historical trend of migration out of nonmetropolitan areas and into metropolitan areas has reversed such that population in nonmetropolitan America is now growing more rapidly than that in metropolitan America. In reality, economic forces importantly interact with other forces to provide impetus to the turnaround. Employment growth has accelerated sharply in all divisions since 1975 and is generally substantially more rapid than during the 1965-70 period.


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