Women's Lament: A Perspective on the Flagrant Violation of the Legal Rights of Women Workers

Zhiyong, He; Xin, Chen
December 1997
Chinese Sociology & Anthropology;Winter1997/1998, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p76
Academic Journal
The article focuses on issues related to violation of the legal rights of women workers in China. In recent years, as structural reform of the managerial mechanisms of state-and collectively owned enterprises has intensified, enterprises have implemented employment optimization strategies. It is an unavoidable fact, however, that the process of carrying out reform of the employment system has been used to squeeze women workers out of employment, stripping them of their right to work. An All-China Federation of Trade Unions survey of 900,000 female employees in 1,175 enterprises showed that their units in the process of labor optimization had suspended 21,000 women. In the forty-two enterprises surveyed in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, 73% of young female employees had been suspended, and women younger than thirty-five accounted for 45 percent of the total number of suspended women workers. Some enterprises even dismiss women staff, unilaterally terminate their contracts, or lower their basic wage because they got married, became pregnant, were on maternity leave, or were breastfeeding. In doing so they ignore party and government regulations on female labor protection and labor insurance, and regulations to protect women's health.


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