A forecast quality assessment of an end-to-end probabilistic multi-model seasonal forecast system using a malaria model

Morse, Andrew P.; Doblas-Reyes, Francisco J.; Hoshen, Moshe B.; Hagedorn, Ranate; Palmer, Tim N.
May 2005
Tellus: Series A;May2005, Vol. 57 Issue 3, p464
Academic Journal
We discuss a novel three-tier hierarchical approach to the validation of an end-to-end seasonal climate forecast system. We present a malaria transmission simulation model (MTSM) driven with output from the DEMETER multi-model seasonal climate predictions, to produce probabilistic hindcasts of malaria prevalence. These prevalence hindcasts are second-tier validated against estimates from the MTSM driven with ERA-40 gridded analyses. The DEMETER–MTSM prevalence hindcasts are shown to be (tier-2) skilful for the one-month lead seasonal predictions as well as for the period covering the seasonal malaria peak with a 4–6 month forecast window for the event prevalence above the median. Interestingly, the tier-2 Brier skill score for the forecast window of the hindcasts starting in February, for the event prevalence above the median, is higher than for either the tier-1 precipitation or temperature forecasts, which were the MTSM driving variables.


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