TITLE

TOWARD A THEORY OF THE DEMOGRAPHIC IMPLICATIONS OF ETHNIC STRATIFICATION

AUTHOR(S)
Schoen, Robert
PUB. DATE
December 1978
SOURCE
Social Science Quarterly (University of Texas Press);Dec1978, Vol. 59 Issue 3, p468
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
To move toward a theory of the demographic implications of ethnic stratification, a simplified outline was proposed in Table 1 linking social, economic and demographic factors. Attention was then focused on the "demographic opportunity" structure of ethnically stratified societies. For a subordinate ethnic group to have a demographic opportunity to move into a middle position requires, at a minimum, that there be another ethnically distinct group available to fill the subordinate role. Groups that have such an opportunity and are able to exploit it can be expected to experience both rapid economic gains and markedly lower fertility. Economic and demographic change will be much slower for comparable subordinate groups lacking demographic opportunity. The experience of coloreds and Asians in South Africa was examined in that light, and it was argued that the relative "success" of South African Asians as compared with South African coloreds can be related to differential demographic opportunity. The argument was then extended to offer a reinterpretation of Uhlenberg's (1972) analysis of Mexican-Americans and Japanese-Americans. The Japanese-Americans did have a demographic opportunity that was not open to Mexican-Americans, a significant difference that needs to be taken into account before differences between the two groups can be attributed to differences in their demographic behavior.
ACCESSION #
16653612

 

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