TITLE

PSYCHOSOCIAL CORRELATES OF SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIORS AMONG AFRICAN AMERICAN YOUTH

AUTHOR(S)
Wright, Darlene R.; Fitzpatrick, Kevin M.
PUB. DATE
December 2004
SOURCE
Adolescence;Winter2004, Vol. 39 Issue 156, p653
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Cross-sectional data were collected on substance use behaviors and potential correlates in 1,494 African American students enrolled in grades 5-12 in eight schools in a central Alabama school district. Using a risk and asset framework, self-reported recent alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use were analyzed by identifying and measuring levels of influence, including individual, family, and school. For alcohol and marijuana use, recurrent risk factors were age, being hit by a parent, affiliation with gangs, and a tolerant attitude of peers toward drug use. For cigarette use, risk factors were peer-oriented: associations with gangs or cohorts holding lenient attitudes about substance use. For all substances, salient asset factors were academic achievement and parental monitoring. Findings suggest that efforts to reduce substance use behaviors should be directed at adolescents in terms of academic achievement and grade level as well as their social environments. For the latter, peer/family risks and family/school assets should be the foci for programs to minimize the short- and long-term consequences of these behaviors. Hence, the emphasis should be placed on modeling attitudes, preventing gang and family violence, encouraging parental supervision, and building positive teacher-student interactions.
ACCESSION #
15864413

 

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