TITLE

THE BALTIC STATES, GERMANY AND RUSSIA

AUTHOR(S)
Hoetzsch, Otto
PUB. DATE
October 1931
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Oct31, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p120
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article discusses the equation among Baltic States, particularly between Germany and Russia. Germany, Russia, Denmark and Sweden concluded the Baltic Agreement, by which those four states, all of them with Baltic littorals, mutually guaranteed the existing status of this sea and its coasts. The attitude of the two smaller states was purely defensive. Nor was that of the two larger ones aggressive, though owing to their extensive area and hinterland they were bringing forward all possible pressure to strengthen their respective Baltic coastlines. In the case of Germany this pressure was not of any great moment, for, in addition to her coastline, she had another outlet on the North Sea. But for Russia, the Baltic was of much greater concern and importance. Her territory extended, it is true, from Libau as far north as Tornea and thus embraced a very considerable part of the entire Baltic coast. But it included two bottlenecks, the Gulf of Finland and the Gulf of Bothnia. Indeed, for Russia the entire Baltic coast was in the nature of a bottleneck, a fact which made itself felt in various ways. It is a precarious situation. The Baltic states are endeavoring in every way to secure and consolidate their independence. Nowhere in Germany is there the slightest tendency to advocate the conquest of them by force, nor would this indeed be possible. The same holds good for Russia; she has no desire at the present moment to see the existing condition of things changed. Denmark and, above all, Sweden, are observing an essentially defensive attitude as spectators, although it must be added that Sweden is very much on her guard.
ACCESSION #
14786895

 

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics