A Systematic Review of Interventions to Reduce the Effects of Cognitive Biases in the Decision-Making of Audiologists

Galvin, Karyn L.; Featherston, Rebecca J.; Downie, Laura E.; Vogel, Adam P.; Hamilton, Bridget; Granger, Catherine; Shlonsky, Aron
February 2020
Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Feb2020, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p158
Academic Journal
Background: Audiologists are constantly making decisions that are key to optimizing client/patient outcomes, and these decisions may be vulnerable to cognitive biases. Purpose: The purpose was to determine the present state of knowledge within the field of audiology regarding the potential impact of cognitive biases on clinical decision-making and the use of interventions to reduce such impact. Research Design: A systematic review was conducted to identify and consider the outcomes of all studies in which an intervention, strategy, or procedure was implemented with the aim of reducing the impact of cognitive biases on the decision-making of audiologists. Data Collection: The review was part of a larger scale search which included the broader disciplines of health science and medicine. Electronic database searches were supplemented by citation searches of relevant reviews and a gray literature search. Following title and abstract screening, 201 full-text studies were considered for inclusion. Results: No studies were found which fulfilled the eligibility criteria. Conclusions: Despite initial calls to respond to these types of cognitive biases being made three decades ago, no peer-reviewed scientific studies testing strategies to reduce the impact of cognitive biases on the decision-making of audiologists were found. There is a clear need for a more concerted research effort in this area if audiologists are to consistently deliver truly evidence-based care.


Related Articles

  • Depression and Quality of Life in Older Persons: A Review. Sivertsen, Heidi; Bjørkløf, Guro Hanevold; Engedal, Knut; Selbæk, Geir; Helvik, anne-Sofie // Dementia & Geriatric Cognitive Disorders;Oct2015, Vol. 40 Issue 5/6, p311 

    Background: Depression is a prevalent and disabling condition in older persons (≥60 years) that increases the risk of mortality and negatively influences quality of life (QOL). The relationship between depression, or depressive symptoms, and QOL has been increasingly addressed by research...

  • How much do we know about schizophrenia and how well do we know it? Evidence from the Schizophrenia Library. Matheson, S. L.; Shepherd, A. M.; Carr, V. J. // Psychological Medicine;Dec2014, Vol. 44 Issue 16, p3387 

    Background.True findings about schizophrenia remain elusive; many findings are not replicated and conflicting results are common. Well-conducted systematic reviews have the ability to make robust, generalizable conclusions, with good meta-analyses potentially providing the closest estimate of...

  • The Experience of Relations in Persons with Dementia: A Systematic Meta-Synthesis. Eriksen, Siren; Helvik, anne-Sofie; Juvet, Lene Kristin; Skovdahl, Kirsti; Førsund, Linn Hege; Grov, Ellen Karine // Dementia & Geriatric Cognitive Disorders;Dec2016, Vol. 42 Issue 5/6, p342 

    Background: Dementia influences a person's experience of social relationships, as described in several studies. In this systematic meta-synthesis of qualitative studies, we aim to interpret and synthesize the experiences of persons with dementias and their relations with others. Summary: Living...

  • Professional Reasoning in Occupational Therapy: A Scoping Review. Márquez-Álvarez, Luis-Javier; Calvo-Arenillas, José-Ignacio; Talavera-Valverde, Miguel-Ángel; Moruno-Millares, Pedro // Occupational Therapy International;11/26/2019, p1 

    Background/Aim. Professional reasoning in occupational therapy is the process used by practitioners to plan, direct, perform, and reflect on client care. The professional's ability to manage the process of the intervention is structured around it, thereby influencing the effectiveness of the...

  • Review of Dairy Consumption and Cognitive Performance in Adults: Findings and Methodological Issues. Crichton, Georgina E.; Bryan, Janet; Murphy, Karen J.; Buckley, Jonathan // Dementia & Geriatric Cognitive Disorders;2010, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p352 

    Background: Diet is a modifiable factor that could be targeted as an appropriate intervention to optimise cognitive health and well-being in ageing. Aim: The aim of this systematic review was to consider current evidence for an association between dairy intake and cognitive functioning. Methods:...

  • Psychosocial Benefits of Cooking Interventions: A Systematic Review. Farmer, Nicole; Touchton-Leonard, Katherine; Ross, Alyson // Health Education & Behavior;Apr2018, Vol. 45 Issue 2, p167 

    Objectives. Cooking interventions are used in therapeutic and rehabilitative settings; however, little is known about the influence of these interventions on psychosocial outcomes. This systematic review examines the research evidence regarding the influence of cooking interventions on...

  • Nursing and euthanasia: A narrative review of the nursing ethics literature. Pesut, Barbara; Greig, Madeleine; Thorne, Sally; Storch, Janet; Burgess, Michael; Tishelman, Carol; Chambaere, Kenneth; Janke, Robert // Nursing Ethics;Feb2020, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p152 

    Background: Medical Assistance in Dying, also known as euthanasia or assisted suicide, is expanding internationally. Canada is the first country to permit Nurse Practitioners to provide euthanasia. These developments highlight the need for nurses to reflect upon the moral and ethical issues that...

  • Speech pathology management of non-progressive dysarthria: a systematic review of the literature. Finch, Emma; Rumbach, Anna F.; Park, Stacie // Disability & Rehabilitation;Feb2020, Vol. 42 Issue 3, p296 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review of interventions for the treatment of non-progressive dysarthria in adults. Materials and methods: Five electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PSYCINFO, Cochrane Collaboration) were searched for all studies that...

  • The effects of verbal instructions on gait in people with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review of randomized and non-randomized trials. Fok, Pamela; Farrell, Michael; McMeeken, Joan; Kuo, Yi-Liang // Clinical Rehabilitation;May2011, Vol. 25 Issue 5, p396 

    Objective: To collate and appraise empirical evidence relating to the effects of verbal instructions (verbal commands given by another person) on stride length, gait velocity and stride variability in people with Parkinson’s disease.Data sources: Cinahl, Cochrane, Embase, Medline, PEDro,...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics