Effect of Group Education (Simulation Model) on Information Disclosure and HIV/AIDS Transmission Prevention for HIV/AIDS Risk Groups

Utami, Ngesti W.
January 2019
Medico-Legal Update;Jan-Jun2019, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p184
Academic Journal
WHO calls the case of HIV/AIDS as an iceberg phenomenon, especially in countries that have not yet carried out HIV testing evenly, including Indonesia. The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia reports that the rate of increase in new cases of HIV/AIDS is accelerating, especially in the last 3 years. This study aims to analyze the effect of group education (simulation model) on information disclosure and efforts to prevent HIV/AIDS transmission for HIV/AIDS risk groups in Malang, Indonesia, using pre-test and posttest group design. The population of this study was all people at risk of HIV/AIDS, who had a special group and had names in the community: IGAMA (Malang gay bond), IWAMA (Malang Transgender Association), Penasun (syringe users), Sadar Hati (narcotics users), Paramita (commercial sex vendor) in Malang City, with 140 people. The sample of this study was the risk group with HIV/AIDS in the working area of Arjuno Health Center and Dinoyo Health Center, Malang, with a sample size of 30 from IGAMA, Penasun, and Sadar Hati. The results showed that: 1) information disclosure before and after group education was> 90% quite disclosure; 2) prevention of transmission before intervention was 56% good, and after intervention increased to 83%. The results of the paired sample t-test showed that: 1) there was difference in information disclosure between before and after the intervention (p-value = 0.001); 2) there was difference in HIV/AIDS transmission prevention between before and after administration of intervention (p-value = 0.002).


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