Eichenberg, Richard C.
December 2003
Public Opinion Quarterly;Winter2003, Vol. 67 Issue 4, p627
Academic Journal
After the failure to implement the European Defense Community (EDC) in 1954, decisions about European security occurred almost wholly within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Alliance. However, since the Maastricht Treaty of 1992, the European Union (EU) has made more progress in the elaboration of a common security policy than it had made in the 50 preceding years. The Maastricht Treaty declared that the "Union shall define and implement a common foreign and security policy....The common foreign and security policy shall include all questions related to the security of the Union, including the eventual framing of a common defence policy, which might in time lead to a common defence."[1] The "eventual" framing of a common defense policy has been both rapid and concrete. In just over 10 years, the EU elaborated a common European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) and began deploying a military force of 50,000--60,000 persons (the so-called European Rapid Reaction Force [ERRF]). These steps were accomplished through a flurry of treaties and declarations of the European Council subsequent to the Maastricht Treaty.[2] After a substantial period in which the EU had confined its integrated policy authority to the economic field, the pace and scope of these steps in the security field is nothing short of astonishing. The dramatic acceleration of the EU's efforts in security policy nonetheless raises a number of questions. Perhaps the most important is whether the EU will outrun popular support for the integration of security policy. Public support for the more general enterprise...


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