TITLE

Immigration Policy and Agriculture: Possible Directions for the Future

AUTHOR(S)
Martin, Philip
PUB. DATE
April 2017
SOURCE
Journal on Migration & Human Security;2017, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p252
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Presidential candidate Trump in 2016 promised to prevent unauthorized migration and deport unauthorized foreigners in the United States, and President Trump issued executive orders after taking office in January 2017 that could lead to a 2,000-mile wall on the Mexico-US border and the removal of many of the 11 million unauthorized foreigners, including one million who work in US agriculture. This paper emphasizes that, especially agriculture in the western United States, has long relied on newcomers to fill seasonal farm jobs. The slowdown in Mexico-US migration since 2008-09 means that there are fewer flexible newcomers to supplement the current workforce, which is aging and settled. Farm employers are responding by offering bonuses to satisfy current workers, stretching them with productivity-increasing tools, substituting machines for workers, and supplementing current workforces with legal H-2A guest workers. Immigration policy will influence the choice between mechanization, guest workers, and imports. Several factors suggest that the United States may be poised to embark on another large-scale guest worker program for agriculture. If it does, farmers should begin to pay Social Security and Unemployment Insurance (UI) taxes on the wages of H-2A workers to foster mechanization and development in the workers' communities of origin by dividing these payroll taxes equally between workers as they depart and commodity-specific boards. Worker departure bonuses could be matched by governments in migrant-sending areas to promote development, and commodity-specific boards could spend monies to reduce dependence on hand labor over time. The economic incentives provided by payroll taxes could help to usher in a new and better era of farm labor.
ACCESSION #
122799088

 

Related Articles

  • Millions Targeted for Possible Deportation Under Trump Rules. CALDWELL, ALICIA // India -- West;2/24/2017, Vol. 62 Issue 15, pA30 

    No abstract available.

  • Después de tantos años me deportaron. Proceso de identificación y deportación de mujeres inmigrantes no delincuentes. Romero, David Rocha; Ocegueda Hernández, Marco Tulio // Estudios Fronterizos;jul-dic2013, Vol. 14 Issue 28, p9 

    In United States, immigration laws punish with greater severity to non-criminal illegal immigrants. The fight against terrorism and the economic crisis gave impetus to the greatest punishment of all: deportation. Based on ten interviews with not offenders women deported in Tijuana, it was found...

  • Trump is right: Shut U.S. borders to Muslims. Rodriguez, George H. // Wilson County News;12/16/2015, Vol. 42 Issue 50, p13A 

    The author agrees with businessman Donald Trump that the U.S. should control all immigration especially from Muslim countries whose religion is antagonistic to the American way of life.

  • Trump's impossible deportation goals. Kampmark, Binoy // South Asian Post;11/24/2016, pSP4 

    No abstract available.

  • Let’s oppose government registries. Bates, Adam; Nowrasteh, Alex // Clarendon Enterprise (TX);11/24/2016, p2 

    The authors argue against government registries such as those used in the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) order and New York City's IDNYC card system, arguing that these databases could potentially be misused under U.S. president-elect Donald Trump's immigration policies.

  • The Trump Plan.  // National Review;9/7/2015, Vol. 67 Issue 16, p14 

    The article discusses the views of 2016 U.S. presidential candidate Donald Trump regarding immigration policy, noting the idea of deporting U.S.-born children of immigrants, the U.S. H-1B work visa program, and the possible abolishing of birthright citizenship.

  • Trump unmoved.  // Australian Financial Review (0404-2018);7/13/2015, p10 

    The article reports that Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump told families of victims of crime by undocumented immigrants that the U.S. immigration policy has allowed immigrant criminals to find sanctuary within the U.S.

  • GOP Has Lessons to Learn From Trump's Immigration Policies. Yunetik, Yuri; Tucker, Thomas // Tennessee Tribune;12/10/2015, Vol. 26 Issue 50, p4A 

    The author discusses lessons that the Republican Party can learn from the immigration policies proposed by U.S. Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump that include border enforcement and deportation of undocumented workers.

  • Donald Trump Is The White Guys' White Knight. Parker, Kathleen // News India Times;1/1/2016, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p4 

    The author discusses the popularity of Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump among conservative white males in the U.S. Topics cited include how Trump's popularity among conservatives is a reflection of the nation's approach to immigration that defies law and logic and how conservative...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics