TITLE

Phenomenological investigation in the event of archetype recognition in Islamic-Iranian architecture

AUTHOR(S)
Barati, Naser; Kakavand, Elham
PUB. DATE
December 2016
SOURCE
Bagh-I-Nazar;Dec2016, Vol. 13 Issue 42, p5
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In recent years and mostly in the shadow of modernism thinking in architecture and urban fields, some buildings and contexts have been emerged which their developers are, more than anything proud of their Avant-Garde and unique creations and even their whimsical features. Insistence of modernists on creating environments with same standards and different characters for people, has led to bewilderment, chaos, confusion and triviality in modern urban environments. However with passing of the time and clarification of the issues related to developing constructions without paying attention to the culture and history of nations, the necessity of thematic review led to start of new investigation in searching original basis for constructions and environmental elements which could reconnect the people and their local environment. With the rise of discussions in Environmental Psychology, history, native culture and etc., Archetypes were proposed as one of the most important and determinative aspects in designing human-built environments. Archetypes are defined as ‘The Basic, Original and Sustainable Ideas' which is the result of thousands of years of history, experience and human collective memory which has been stored in human's unconscious memory. Likewise in the cultural zone of Iran with all the past history, such basic ideas and various archetypes must have existed in order to integrate different social groups in this large and colorful society through relatively coherent set of environmental elements. Therefore this article is an effort to answer to the related questions; can the model and bipolar idea of ‘Up-Down' be defined as an archetype or basic idea in Iran? Does the possible existence of this idea only belong to the past? Is this idea present at human environments and models of architectural and urban environments in the present time too? For this purpose, besides mentioning the meaning of Subjective/Objective axis of Up-Down and its vital relation with linguistic concepts, worthiness and behavioral patterns and templates of various local architecture environments, the existence of this archetype or basic idea is proved via research in different samples and cases and its application has also been analyzed here. The method used here is Descriptive Analysis, and in particular; Content Analysis and inferential Analysis. Research data have been quantified and analyzed using Cochran formula and the questionnaires have been distributed by random sampling method for each case, and the data has been descriptively analyzed. The results of the surveys show that our perception of traditional and even modern environments is still influenced by linguistic concepts and basic ideas and the Archetype mentioned in this research has an unmistakable presence in our life today.
ACCESSION #
119683532

 

Related Articles

  • ARCHITECTURE IN EFFECT: A Glance at Critical Historiography. Gohardani, Navid // ArchNet-IJAR;2014, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p184 

    Historiography marks a relatively unexplored research domain in architecture. Despite the obscure nature of this subject matter, architectural historiography equally illuminates a hidden pathway to the historical interaction of architecture with art or literature. Critical historiography adds...

  • Archetype, Architecture, and the Writer/Music, Archetype, and the Writer: A Jungian View. Hatt, Michael // Modern Language Review;Jan1991, Vol. 86 Issue 1, p150 

    Reviews two books on archetypes by Bettina L. Knapp. "Archetype, Architecture, and the Writer"; "Music, Archetype, and the Writer: A Jungian View."

  • Intermediate-term earthquake prediction. Knopoff, Leon // Earthquakes & Volcanoes;1990, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p206 

    Focuses on earthquake prediction. Methods of pattern recognition of rare events; Emphasis on reducing the space scale of phenomenological predictions.

  • Archetype, Architecture, and the Writer. Dick, B. F. // World Literature Today;Winter87, Vol. 61 Issue 1, p169 

    Reviews the book "Archetype, Architecture, and the Writer," by Betina L. Knapp.

  • Memorial of Reality. Cooper, Whitney // Dimensions (10746536);2008, Vol. 21, p140 

    The article describes the architectural concept of Memorial of Reality, a project in Chicago, Illinois which was formed to provide a space in which an awakening of the mind can be undertaken. Embedded in proximity to existing paths are the seven sites of consciousness which are created by...

  • Investigation of Phenomenology in Architecture and Built Environments. Shirazi, Mohammad Reza // Armanshahr Architecture & Urban Development;Autumn2013/Winter2014, Issue 11, p99 

    As Spiegelberg argues, not only refering to "phenomenology" as a system or school is difficult but also it is difficult to give an exact answer to the question of "What is phenomenology?" He came to the conclusion that "There are as many phenomenologists as there are phenomenologies"...

  • RECONNAISSANCE, LUTTE, DOMINATION. Renault, Emmanuel // Politique et Sociétés;2009, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p23 

    This article has two goals. On the one hand, it deals with the principles of the conception of recognition in Chapter IV-A of the Phenomenology of Spirit. On the other hand, it deals with the consequences of this conception for contemporary social and political philosophy. The first goal...

  • DER RAUM DER EINBILDUNGSKRAFT: DER VISUELLE UND DER PHÄNOMENALE GEDANKE. DurÃo, Maria JoÃo // Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Philosophia;2011, Vol. 56 Issue 2, p113 

    The Space of Imagination: Visual and Phenomenal Thinking. Phenomenology and psychology are dealt within visual thinking, expressed in disegno and in the phenomenal experience from the moment of apprehension of physical space by our senses - where different systems communicate -, to the cognitive...

  • Movimento Fenomenológico: Controvérsias e Perspectivas na Pesquisa Psicológica. de Castro, Thiago Gomes; Gomes, William Barbosa // Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa;2011, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p233 

    The repercussion of the phenomenological movement on the history of psychology can be perceived by persistent attempts to import eidetic phenomenology features in the systematic analysis of empirical events. In this sense, the concept of phenomenological reduction, described by the philosopher...

  • Hyannis Youth & Community Center.  // Athletic Business;Jun2010, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p84 

    The article reviews the architectural design of the Hyannis Youth & Community Center in Hyannis, Massachusetts, designed by Bargmann Hendrie + Archetype Inc.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics