Self-employment Among Immigrants: A Test of the Blocked Mobility Hypothesis

Beaujot, Roderic; Maxim, Paul S.; Thao, John Z.
June 1994
Canadian Studies in Population;1994, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p81
Academic Journal
The blocked mobility or relative disadvantage thesis posits that because of relative disadvantages experienced by immigrants in the labour market in the host society, many will turn to self-employment as an alternative to wage-labour. Part of the difficulty with previous research in this area is the failure to distinguish between self-employment in professional and non-professional occupations. On the basis of the 1986 Canadian census data, our findings show that the blocked mobility thesis is supported in the case of immigrants with high educational credentials obtained from home countries, who have a higher likelihood of turning to self-employment in none professional occupations, compared to those with similar education levels among either the native-born or immigrants with Canadian education.


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