Non-Renewable Resources, Extraction Technology, and Endogenous Growth

Stuermer, Martin; Schwerhoff, Gregor
December 2015
Working Papers Series (Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas);Dec2015, Issue 1506, preceding p2
Working Paper
We add an extractive sector to an endogenous growth model of expanding varieties and directed technological change. Firms increase their economically extractable stocks of non-renewable resources through R&D investment in extraction technology and reduce their stocks through extraction. We show how the geological distribution of the non-renewable resource interacts with technological change. Our model accommodates long-term trends in non-renewable resource markets - namely stable prices and exponentially increasing extraction - for which we present data going back to 1792. The model suggests that over the long term, development of new extraction technologies neutralizes the increasing demand for non-renewable resources in industrializing countries such as China.


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