TITLE

Effects of Computer-Assisted and Teacher-Led Fluency Instruction on Students At Risk for Reading Failure

AUTHOR(S)
Fenty, Nicole; Mulcahy, Candace; Washburn, Erin
PUB. DATE
September 2015
SOURCE
Learning Disabilities -- A Contemporary Journal;Dec2015, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p141
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A quasi-experimental pretest/posttest group design was used to determine whether computer-assisted fluency instruction is as effective as printbased, teacher-led fluency instruction in improving fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension skills in third grade students experiencing delayed fluency development. Fifty participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: a teacher-led group, a computer-assisted text-equivalent group, or a computer-assisted time-equivalent group. The same fluency program was used for all three groups. An analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) revealed no significant differences across groups on 2 of the 3 outcome measures (i.e., fluency and comprehension), but significant differences between the text equivalent and time equivalent treatment groups occurred in the area of vocabulary. Limitations and recommendations for research and practice are discussed.
ACCESSION #
111832560

 

Related Articles

  • Fluency and Comprehension Interventions for Third-Grade Students. Vaughn, Sharon; Chard, David J.; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Coleman, Maggie; Tyler, Brenda-Jean; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Kouzekanani, Kamiar // Remedial & Special Education;Nov/Dec2000, Vol. 21 Issue 6, p325 

    ABSTRACT Eight third-grade teachers and their 111 students participated in this 12-week study that was conducted within regular classroom settings. Sixteen of the students demonstrated significant reading problems and qualified for special education or were identified by the school district as...

  • MICROZINE, A Computer Magazine. Furst, Miriam // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Dec1984, Vol. 17 Issue 10 

    Features Microzine, a computer magazine for helping learning disabled students improve reading comprehension. Quality and variety of programs in the disk; Inclusion of student handbook and teacher's guide; Suitability of microzine for children and high school students.

  • Effects of Individualized and Standardized Interventions on Middle School Students With Reading Disabilities. VAUGHN, SHARON; WEXLER, JADE; ROBERTS, GREG; BARTH, AMY A.; CIRINO, PAUL T.; ROMAIN, MELISSA A.; FRANCIS, DAVID; FLETCHER, JACK; DENTON, CAROLYN A. // Exceptional Children;Summer2011, Vol. 77 Issue 4, p391 

    This study reports the effectiveness of a year-long, small-group, tertiary (Tier 3) intervention that examined 2 empirically derived but conceptually different treatments and a comparison condition. The researchers had randomly assigned all students to treatment or comparison conditions. The...

  • Reading Instruction Grouping for Students with Reading Difficulties. Vaughn, Sharon; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Kouzekanani, Kamiar; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Dickson, Shirley; Blozis, Shelley A. // Remedial & Special Education;Sep/Oct2003, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p301 

    The effects of three grouping formats--1:1 (one teacher with 1 student), 1:3 (one teacher with 3 students), and 1:10 (one teacher with 10 students)--on the reading outcomes of second-grade struggling readers was studied, Students in all groups were given the same supplemental reading...

  • Reorganizing the instructional reading components: could there be a better way to design remedial reading programs to maximize middle school students with reading disabilities’ response to treatment? Calhoon, Mary Beth; Sandow, Alexia; Hunter, Charles V. // Annals of Dyslexia;2010, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p57 

    The primary purpose of this study was to explore if there could be a more beneficial method in organizing the individual instructional reading components (phonological decoding, spelling, fluency, and reading comprehension) within a remedial reading program to increase sensitivity to instruction...

  • The Effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction on Number Combination Skill in At-Risk First Graders. Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hamlet, Carol L.; Powell, Sarah R.; Capizzi, Andrea M.; Seethaler, Pamela M. // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 39 Issue 5, p467 

    The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the potential for computer-assisted instruction (CAI) to enhance number combination skill among children with concurrent risk for math disability and reading disability. A secondary purpose was to examine the effects of CAI on spelling. At-risk...

  • Reading fluency: implications for the assessment of children with reading disabilities. Meisinger, Elizabeth B.; Bloom, Juliana S.; Hynd, George W. // Annals of Dyslexia;2010, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p1 

    The current investigation explored the diagnostic utility of reading fluency measures in the identification of children with reading disabilities. Participants were 50 children referred to a university-based clinic because of suspected reading problems and/or a prior diagnosis of dyslexia, where...

  • MICROCOMPUTER INSTRUCTION FOR THE LEARNING DISABLED. Schiffman, Gilbert; Tobin, Diane; Buchanan, Bill // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Nov1982, Vol. 15 Issue 9 

    Discusses the instructional uses of computers for learning disabled students. Criteria for instructional software design; Advantages of computer instruction; Enhancement of computer effectiveness in teaching disabled children.

  • Making computers work for students with special needs. Storeygard, Judy; Simmons, Rebecca // Teaching Exceptional Children;Fall93, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p22 

    Focuses on the use of computers in teaching sessions involving students with learning disabilities. Introduction of the Computers and Writing course in Wayland Middle School; Comments of learning-disabled students on the benefits of computer-assisted education; Role of computer in student...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics