Seizures of inconvenience? Policy, discretion and accidental discoveries in policing the illegal wildlife trade at the Norwegian border

Runhovde, Siv
October 2015
Crime, Law & Social Change;Oct2015, Vol. 64 Issue 2/3, p177
Academic Journal
The illegal wildlife trade is among the fastest growing categories of transnational crime and is increasingly characterized as a problem by law enforcement authorities internationally and in Norway. This article examines the policing of illegal trade in wildlife at the Norwegian border. Wildlife trade is regulated by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Observations and interviews with Norwegian customs inspectors show that the detection of wildlife is not a priority when inspectors make risk assessments of control objects. I argue that this is largely because the Norwegian Customs and Excise's organizational strategies and distribution of resources are directed towards other flows of illegal goods at the expense of wildlife. The considerable professional discretion the inspectors are allowed to exercise does not promote the enforcement of CITES. The inspectors see such cases as complicated, time consuming and unrewarding in terms of penalties upon prosecution. Seizures of wildlife are often accidental rather than planned. The findings indicate a need to reinforce and fully implement existing legislation on illegal wildlife trade at both the policy and on-site levels.


Related Articles

  • Pitfalls of CITES Implementation in Nepal: A Policy Gap Analysis. Dongol, Yogesh; Heinen, Joel // Environmental Management;Aug2012, Vol. 50 Issue 2, p181 

    Implementation of policy involves multiple agencies operating at multiple levels in facilitating processes and actions to accomplish desired results. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was developed and implemented to regulate and control...

  • UNCERTAINTY, PRECAUTION, AND ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT IN WILDLIFE TRADE. Wiersema, Annecoos // Michigan Journal of International Law;Spring2015, Vol. 36 Issue 3, p375 

    The article focuses on the uncertainty in the context of wildlife trade and conservation and mentions that how the parties to Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) have addressed uncertainty, precaution, and adaptive management of wildlife trade.

  • Convention of international trade in endangered species: The role of public interest... Sands, Philippe J.; Bedecarre, Albert P. // Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review;Summer90, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p799 

    Outlines arguments in the effective implementation of the ivory ban based on the policies in the 1973 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and interest of non-governmental organizations. Exemption provisions; Participation some African nations...

  • Nature under threat. Bequette, France // UNESCO Courier;May93, Vol. 46 Issue 5, p23 

    Discusses the threat of extinction of several wildlife species. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES); Two major threats to wild fauna and flora; Effect of poaching and smuggling.

  • Poaching kills wildlife.  // Junior Scholastic;10/20/95 & 10/27/95, Vol. 98 Issue 5/6, p4 

    Focuses on the danger posed by the illegal trade in exotic pets for some species of animals. Background on how the trade is conducted; Reason why poor people in Central and South America poach wildlife; International efforts to stop the threat; Background on the Convention on International...

  • Ivory Poaching Rears its Head. Frey, David // E THIS WEEK;5/12/2013, p5 

    The article focuses on the impact of ivory demand on the population of elephants in Kenya. It offers information on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) that urges southern African nations to resume the sale of ivory. It mentions that illegal hunting, decreased the...

  • Identification using microchips in exotic species. Pellett, Sarah; Cope, Iain // Companion Animal (2053-0889);2013, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p172 

    This article, the first in a series of exotic articles, discusses the methods of physically identifying exotic pets now kept commonly in captivity and presented to the clinician in practice. Identification allows association to an owner and allows completion of any paperwork such as CITES and...

  • Mexican consul swayed by turtle protests. Steiner, Todd // Earth Island Journal;Spring90, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p9 

    States that the Mexican government has agreed to sign the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) in 1990 after protests by Earth Island Institute, Earth First! and other groups against the slaughter of olive ridley sea turtles in Mexico. International pressure on Mexico...

  • CITES revises ivory trade policy.  // Animals;Sep/Oct97, Vol. 130 Issue 5, p6 

    Reports about the lifting of the ivory trade ban for Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). Sale of stockpiled elephant ivory to Japan; Statistics on African elephant population reduction in 1989; Revenue expected from ivory sale.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics