Anisha, G. S.; John, Rojan P.
April 2015
Environmental Research Journal;2015, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p223
Academic Journal
The worldwide fossil fuel reserves are on the decline but the fuel demand is increasing remarkably. The combustion of fossil fuels needs to be reduced due to several environmental concerns. Biofuels are receiving attention as alternative renewable and sustainable fuels to ease our reliance on fossil fuels. Biodiesel and bioethanol, the two most successful biofuels in the transport sector, are currently produced in increasing amounts from oil or food crops, but their production on a large scale competes with world food supply and security. Microalgae offer a favourable alternative source of biomass for biofuel production without compromising land and water resources since they can be easily cultured on waste land which cannot support agriculture. This chapter focuses on the potential of microalgal biomass for production of the transport fuels, biodiesel and bioethanol and the bottlenecks and prospects in algal fuel technology.


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