China's political economy of coal

Han Cheng; Eikeland, Per Ove
November 2015
FNI Reports;Nov2015, Issue 10, preceding pvi
This report presents an overview of Chinese policies and policy drivers that signal a potential discontinuation of the golden age of continued coal growth in China. It also briefly discusses the counterforces and challenges facing China in shifting its energy system from coal to low-carbon solutions. The coal industry has proven its long-lasting significance by contributing to the national economy, to local opportunities and livelihoods, to poverty alleviation and employment. Forces at the central and local governance levels, as well as many other political and socio-economic factors, need to be carefully taken into account when analysing whether or when China will reach a peak point in its coal consumption, an issue currently subject to considerable debate. Structural developments in 2014 are interesting. In that year, China had its slowest growth rate of overall energy consumption since the turn of the century, due largely to the significant decrease in energy intensity since 2009. China also witnessed a milestone drop in coal consumption, together with a decline in domestic production and import. Further, 2014 was a year of exciting growth in alternative energy sources. The Chinese government declared its ambition of a 15% target of non-fossil fuel sources by 2020 and 20% by 2030. With its investment in renewable energy rising China signalled its leadership regarding a low-carbon energy future. Developments in 2014, specifically the decline in coal consumption (continuing in 2015), were the combined result of policy efforts made by the Chinese government aimed at reducing its energy consumption and shift its energy system, while continuing to secure high economic growth, urbanize the economy, improve people's livelihoods and deal with the turbulence in international energy markets.


Related Articles

  • in your opinion.  // Engineer (00137758);7/18/2011, Vol. 296 Issue 7821, p5 

    The article presents several views from notable people in Great Britain concerning wind energy including the total fossil fuel energy it produces, the lack of skills, and the move of the government to encourage research and development (R&D) of non-wind energy sources.

  • Co-firing rule change fears.  // Utility Week;12/20/2002, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p8 

    Deals with the concerns inside the renewable energy community in Great Britain on the move of the government to relax the rules on co-firing bio mass with coal in conventional fossil fuel stations. Skepticism on the financial viability of the bio mass-burning projects; Overview of co-firing rules.

  • Three Reasons for Investing Now in Fossil Fuel Conservation: Technological Lock-In, Institutional Inertia, and Oil Wars. England, Richard W. // Journal of Economic Issues (Association for Evolutionary Economi;Sep94, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p755 

    Discusses three reasons for conserving fossil fuels. Threat of locking-in to an alternative energy technology that is ecologically hazardous or economically unviable; Threat of social crisis resulting from the incompatibility of present social institutions and a new energy technology; Threat of...

  • AND THE ALTERNATIVEARE... Fisher, J. B. // Calliope;Jan2013, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p38 

    The article offers an explanation on the concept of alternative energy as replacement for fossil fuels as well as information on alternative energy resources which include renewable and non-renewable energies.

  • The Big Climate Deal: What It Is and What It Isn't. McKIBBEN, BILL // Progressive Populist;12/15/2014, Vol. 20 Issue 22, p17 

    The author talks about the implications of the climate agreement between the U.S. and China including the potential use of renewable energy and the pressure for fossil fuel investors to continue their flight to safety.

  • The other alternative fuel. Janik, Werner; Lauer, Joseph // Transmission & Distribution World Exclusive Insight;3/16/2012, p28 

    The article discusses the importance of shifting from fossil-based energy to renewable fuel energy sources to protect the planet and its assets for the future generation.

  • ONTARIO MAY REPLACE FOSSIL FUEL WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES.  // ENR: Engineering News-Record;Jul2002, Vol. 249 Issue 1, p19 

    Reports the replacement of fossil fuels with renewable energy resources in Ontario. Promotion of energy conservation; Proposal of increased use of hydroelectric, wind, biomass and solar power; List of the other recommendations of the Legislative Committee.

  • Where Energy Comes From.  // Scholastic News -- Edition 4 (Teacher's Edition);1/21/2002, Vol. 64 Issue 16, p3 

    Presents information on the sources of energy in the United States (U.S.). Examples of renewable sources; Percentage of the energy used in the U.S. that comes from fossil fuels.

  • Study Diminishes Promise Of Renewables. Jusko, Jill // Industry Week/IW;Feb2003, Vol. 252 Issue 2, p14 

    Reports on the view of ecologists from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York on renewable energy sources as replacement for fossil fuels in the U.S. Implementation of best renewable energy technologies; Rate of energy consumption to maintain standard of living.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics