TITLE

Atmospheric constraints on the methane emissions from the East Siberian Shelf

AUTHOR(S)
Berchet, A.; Bousquet, P.; Pison, I.; Locatelli, R.; Chevallier, F.; Paris, J.-D.; Dlugokencky, E. J.; Laurila, T.; Hatakka, J.; Viisanen, Y.; Worthy, D. E. J.; Nisbet, E. G.; Fisher, R. E.; France, J. L.; Lowry, D.; Ivakhov, V.
PUB. DATE
October 2015
SOURCE
Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 19, p25477
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Sub-sea permafrost and hydrates in the East Siberian Arctic Ocean Continental Shelf (ESAS) constitute a substantial carbon pool, and a potentially large source of methane to the atmosphere. Previous studies based on interpolated oceanographic campaigns estimated atmospheric emissions from this area at 8-17 Tg CH4 y-1. Here, we propose insights based on atmospheric observations to evaluate these estimates. Isotopic observations suggest a biogenic origin (either terrestrial or marine) of the methane in air masses originating from ESAS during summer 2010. The comparison of high-resolution simulations of atmospheric methane mole fractions to continuous methane observations during the entire year 2012 confirms the high variability and heterogeneity of the methane releases from ESAS. Simulated mole fractions including a 8 Tg CH4 y-1 source from ESAS are found largely overestimated compared to the observations in winter, whereas summer signals are more consistent with each other. Based on a comprehensive statistical analysis of the observations and of the simulations, annual methane emissions from ESAS are estimated in a range of 0.5-4.3 Tg CH4 y-1.
ACCESSION #
110320756

 

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