TITLE

Molecular Pathogenesis of MALT Lymphoma

AUTHOR(S)
Troppan, Katharina; Wenzl, Kerstin; Neumeister, Peter; Deutsch, Alexander
PUB. DATE
April 2015
SOURCE
Gastroenterology Research & Practice;4/1/2015, Vol. 2015, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Approximately 8% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas are extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), also known as MALT lymphoma, which was first described in 1983 by Isaacson and Wright. MALT lymphomas arise at a wide range of different extranodal sites, with the highest frequency in the stomach, followed by lung, ocular adnexa, and thyroid, and with a low percentage in the small intestine. Interestingly, at least 3 different, apparently site-specific, chromosomal translocations and missense and frameshift mutations, all pathway-related genes affecting the NF-κB signal, have been implicated in the development and progression of MALT lymphoma. However, these genetic abnormalities alone are not sufficient for malignant transformation. There is now increasing evidence suggesting that the oncogenic product of translocation cooperates with immunological stimulation in oncogenesis, that is, the association with chronic bacterial infection or autoaggressive process. This review mainly discusses MALT lymphomas in terms of their genetic aberration and association with chronic infections and summarizes recent advances in their molecular pathogenesis.
ACCESSION #
109149945

 

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