TITLE

Testing an association between baseline resting pulse rate averages and short-term changes in resting pulse rates: A pilot study

AUTHOR(S)
Hart, John
PUB. DATE
June 2015
SOURCE
Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association;Jun2015, Vol. 59 Issue 2, p165
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction: Resting heart (pulse) rate (RPR) monitoring may be a useful neurological assessment tool in chiropractic practice. Lower RPR generally reflects a better level of fitness and health status than higher RPR. However, the clinical significance of short-term changes in RPR remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to take an initial step towards understanding the clinical significance of short-term RPR changes, first, by describing short-term RPR changes between duplicated measurements, and second, by comparing RPR changes between groups with lower and higher baseline RPR. Methods: Seventy-three healthy adult volunteers received an RPR measurement on two days within a 1-week period. The mean difference between the two measurements (RPR change) in patients with lower versus higher baseline RPR was compared. Results: Mean RPR change in the low baseline group was -0.3 BPM (95% confidence interval [CI] = -2.7 to 2.1 BPM) whereas in the high baseline group, it was +4.4 BPM (95% CI = 1.2 to 7.6). This difference between groups was statistically significant (P = 0.02) with a large effect size (Cohen's d = 0.57). Conclusion: In this pilot study, a higher RPR at baseline was associated with increased RPR change, whereas a lower baseline RPR was associated with a stable or reduced RPR change. A future main study with a larger sample size and longer follow-up period is needed to better characterize both the natural variation of RPR over multiple repeated measurements, and the clinical significance of short-term RPR changes in terms of predicting longer-term health outcomes.
ACCESSION #
103440270

 

Related Articles

  • Live well: a practical and effective low-intensity dietary counseling intervention for use in primary care patients with dyslipidemia--a randomized controlled pilot trial. Kulick, Doina; Langer, Robert D.; Ashley, Judith M.; Gans, Kim M.; Schlauch, Karen // BMC Family Practice;2013, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p59 

    Background: Diet is the first line of treatment for elevated cholesterol. High-intensity dietary counseling (≥360 minutes/year of contact with providers) improves blood lipids, but is expensive and unsustainable in the current healthcare settings. Low-intensity counseling trials (≤...

  • Comparison of the Primary and Secondary Stability of Implants with Anodized Surfaces and Implants Treated by Acids: A Split-Mouth Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Pimentel Lopes de Oliveira, Guilherme José; Coletti Leite, Felipe; Pontes, Ana Emília; Sakakura, Celso Eduardo; Junior, Elcio Marcantonio // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;2016, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p186 

    Purpose: The objective of this randomized controlled clinical split-mouth trial was to compare anodized implant surfaces and implant surfaces modified by acid etching in terms of primary and secondary stability. Materials and Methods: Forty-six implants were placed bilaterally in the posterior...

  • Differences in the Properties of the Radial Artery between Cun, Guan, Chi, and Nearby Segments Using Ultrasonographic Imaging: A Pilot. Jaeuk U. Kim; Yu Jung Lee; Jeon Lee; Jong Yeol Kim // Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (eCAM);2015, p1 

    Aim of the Study. The three conventional pulse-diagnostic palpation locations (PLs) on both wrists are Cun, Guan, and Chi, and each location reveals different clinical information. To identify anatomical or hemodynamic specificity, we used ultrasonographic imaging to determine the arterial...

  • The Effect of Arm and Body Position on Respiratory Ventilation in High School Athletes: A Pilot Study. Skaggs, Jamie R.; Joiner, Elizabeth R. A.; LaGuardia, Elizabeth; Sini, Milo; Wren, Tishya A. L.; Woon, Regina P.; Skaggs, David L. // International Journal of Athletic Therapy & Training;Jan2016, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p30 

    Context: A commonly encountered clinical scenario in athletic training is determining what body position is best for pulmonary recovery after strenuous training. Coaches often advise athletes to put their hands behind their heads following rigorous training, but this practice has no scientific...

  • The Stability of Facial Attractiveness: Is It What You've Got or What You Do with It? Morrison, Edward; Morris, Paul; Bard, Kim // Journal of Nonverbal Behavior;Jun2013, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p59 

    Physical attractiveness is suggested to be an indicator of biological quality and therefore should be stable. However, transient factors such as gaze direction and facial expression affect facial attractiveness, suggesting it is not. We compared the relative importance of variation between faces...

  • PREDICTING AGILITY PERFORMANCE WITH OTHER PERFORMANCE VARIABLES IN PUBESCENT BOYS: A MULTIPLE-REGRESSION APPROACH. SEKULIC, DAMIR; SPASIC, MIODRAG; ESCO, MICHAEL R . // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Apr2014, Vol. 118 Issue 2, p447 

    The goal was to investigate the influence of balance, jumping power, reactive-strength, speed, and morphological variables on five different agility performances in early pubescent boys ( N = 71). The predictors included body height and mass, countermovement and broad jumps, overall stability...

  • Pedometer determined physical activity tracks in African American adults: The Jackson Heart Study. Newton Jr., Robert L.; Hongmei Han M.; Dubbert, Patricia M.; Johnson, William D.; Hickson, DeMarc A.; Ainsworth, Barbara; Carithers, Teresa; Taylor, Herman; Wyatt, Sharon; Tudor-Locke, Catrine // International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activit;2012, Vol. 9, p44 

    Background: This study investigated the number of pedometer assessment occasions required to establish habitual physical activity in African American adults. Methods: African American adults (mean age 59.9 ± 0.60 years; 59 % female) enrolled in the Diet and Physical Activity Substudy of the...

  • Reliability of Squat and Countermovement Jump Tests in Children 6 to 8 Years of Age. Acero, Rafael Martín; Fernández-del Olmo, Miguel; Sánchez, José Andrés; Otero, Xosé Luis; Aguado, Xavier; Rodríguez, Ferrán A. // Pediatric Exercise Science;Feb2011, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p151 

    The aim of this study was to determine the reliability of the squat jump test (SJ) and countermovement jump test (CMJ), in fifty-six children (30 girls and 26 boys) with ages ranging from 6 to 8 years. Each subject performed two evaluation sessions (T1, T2) with seven days between tests. The...

  • Beetroot juice does not enhance altitude running performance in well-trained athletes. Arnold, Josh Timothy; Oliver, Samuel James; Lewis-Jones, Tammy Maria; Wylie, Lee John; Macdonald, Jamie Hugo // Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism;Jun2015, Vol. 40 Issue 6, p590 

    We hypothesized that acute dietary nitrate (NO3-) provided as concentrated beetroot juice supplement would improve endurance running performance of well-trained runners in normobaric hypoxia. Ten male runners (mean (SD): sea level maximal oxygen uptake, 66 (7) mL·kg-1·min−1; 10 km...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics