Influencia de hábitos saludables en el estado ponderal de niños y adolescentes en edad escolar

San Mauro, Ismael; Megías, Ana; de Angulo, Belén García; Bodega, Patricia; Rodríguez, Paula; Grande, Graciela; Micó, Víctor; Romero, Elena; García, Nuria; Fajardo, Diana; Garicano, Elena
May 2015
Nutricion Hospitalaria;may2015, Vol. 31 Issue 5, p1996
Introduction: Overweight and obesity has high prevalence in children and adolescents in Spain. Objective: To determine the degree of influence of four modifiable factors (dietary habits, physical activity, sedentary and sleep) jointly on the weight status of a group of school children and adolescents in Madrid. Methods: 189 schoolchildren aged 6 to 16 years, who underwent an anthropometric study. To exercise the IPAQ questionnaire was used, establishing a minimum of one hour of exercise a day, as a recommendation, and two hours per day in case of sedentary, which took into account the hours of computer, consoles and TV. Sleep quality was assessed by collecting sleeping hours weekdays and weekend nap. Stating that school children should sleep 10 hours a day. The KIDMED Index was used for the diet quality, the score can be accessed from 0-12 and classified into 3 categories, it was regrouped for statistical measure. The first two results (0-7) as “Bad adherence" and ≥ 8 value as “Good adherence". Results: 27.6% of students had excess weight. Conclusion: No significant differences were reported analyzing the four factors studied versus weight status among those who keep recommendations and excess weight, either individually or multifactor analysis was observed.


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