Association of excessive GWG with adiposity indicators and metabolic diseases of their offspring: systematic review

Pérez-Morales, Maria Eugenia; Bacardi-Gascon, Montserrat; Jimenez-Cruz, Arturo
April 2015
Nutricion Hospitalaria;abr2015, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p1473
Introduction: It has been reported that excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy is associated with an increase in adiposity indicators and metabolic disorders of the offspring. Objective: The objective of this review, using the Institute of Medicine (IOM) criteria, was to analyze the association of excessive GWG in prospective studies with the adiposity indicators and metabolic diseases of the offspring, and the association of excessive GWG with adiposity indicators and metabolic disease of the > 15 years offspring. Methods: An electronic search was conducted in the MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases of prospective cohort studies published from January 2004 to September 2014. Selection was restricted to prospective cohort studies where the definition of GWG was used according to the IOM-recommendations; and prospective cohort studies including offspring > 15 years, independent of using the definition for excessive GWG. Results: Nine prospective cohort studies meet the inclusion criteria. Five studies used the IOM-recommendations for assessing GWG, and six studies assessed adiposity or metabolic indicators of their offspring at > 15 years. In seven of the nine studies, excessive GWG was associated with adiposity and metabolic diseases. Due to the limitations found, the evidence of the association was shown to be low. Conclusions: The results of this review showed, that independently of the criteria used to diagnose excessive GWG, all the included studies, consistently showed an association of excessive GWG with adiposity indicators or other components of metabolic disease early in life, during adolescence or adulthood. However, due to the limitutions of the studies the strength of the evidence was low. Better designed studies are warranted to confirm a stronger evidence.


Related Articles

  • Infertility treatment outcome in sub groups of obese population. Awartani, Khalid A.; Samar Nahas; Al Hassan, Saad H.; Al Deery, Mashael A.; Coskun, Serdar // Reproductive Biology & Endocrinology;2009, Vol. 7, p1 

    Background: Obesity is a common disorder with a negative impact on IVF treatment outcome. It is not clear whether morbidly obese women (BMI >= 35 kg/m2) respond to treatment differently as compared to obese women (BMI = 30-34.9 kg/m2) in IVF. Our aim was to compare the outcome of IVF or ICSI...

  • Does maternal weight gain in pregnancy have long-term effects on offspring adiposity? A sibling study in a prospective cohort of 146,894 men from 136,050 families. Lawlor, Debbie A.; Lichtenstein, Paul; Fraser, Abigail; Långström, Niklas // American Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Jul2011, Vol. 94 Issue 1, p142 

    Background: A small number of relatively small studies have found greater gestational weight gain to be associated with greater offspring body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2), but whether this association is caused by intrauterine mechanisms or by shared genetic and environmental risk factors for...

  • A healthy life starts now. Pepper, Leslie // Fit Pregnancy;Dec2006/Jan2007, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p90 

    The article reports that gaining more weight during pregnancy makes a mother six times more likely to be obese when her baby turns 1, according to a study led by Christine Olson, Ph.D., R.D. of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. With fewer baby-fat pounds to lose after delivery, women are...


    The correlation between physical activity and sedentary life style was investigated as a determinant of the body mass index in children and adolescents in Banjaluka region. The study involved 1204 children and adolescents, 6-17 years old, 578 boys, 626 girls. BMI was calculated from their height...

  • Obesity in a young child. Birken, Catherine; Hamilton, Jill // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;4/1/2014, Vol. 186 Issue 6, p443 

    The article discusses obesity in a child and what needs to be done to assess the health of the child, particularly those with increased body mass index (BMI), calculated as body weight in kilograms divided by length or height in centimeters. Aside from an assessment of BMI trajectory over time...

  • Decreasing prevalence of obesity in primary schoolchildren. Mitchell, Rod Thomas; McDougall, Catherine M.; Crum, Jacqueline E. // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Feb2007, Vol. 92 Issue 2, p153 

    The prevalence of obesity in a cohort of Scottish primary schoolchildren was assessed and compared with previous cohorts taken from the same geographical area. The prevalence of obesity has declined over the three time periods studied, from 14.7% to 10.2%. Body mass index (BMI) centiles and BMI...

  • The TRENDS Project: development of a methodology to reliably monitor the obesity epidemic in childhood. Rudolf, M. C. J.; Levine, R.; Feltbower, R.; Connor, A.; Robinson, M. // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Apr2006, Vol. 91 Issue 4, p309 

    Aims: The government has set a target to halt the rise in childhood obesity in those aged under 11 by 2010, but no system is in place to ascertain if this has been achieved. We aimed to develop a simple and reproducible methodology to monitor trends in childhood obesity. Methods: A purposive...

  • Child Fitness and Father's BMI Are Important Factors in Childhood Obesity: A School Based Cross-Sectional Study. Brophy, Sinead; Rees, Anwen; Knox, Gareth; Baker, Julien; Thomas, Non E. // PLoS ONE;May2012, Vol. 7 Issue 5, p1 

    Background: This study examines obesity and factors associated with obesity in children aged 11-13 years in the UK. Methods: 1147 children from ten secondary schools participated in a health survey that included blood samples, fitness test and anthropometric measures. Factors associated with...

  • The State of Obesity Management for Women Giving Birth in Atlantic Canada. Kirk, Sara F. L.; Price, Sheri L.; Penney, Tarra L.; Jarvie, Lorraine; Power, Hilda; Cramm, C. Lisa // Maternal & Child Health Journal;May2010, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p453 

    Objectives The purpose of this survey was to gain insight into the status of birthing facilities across Atlantic Canada regarding obesity management. Specifically, we were interested in learning about the reported number of obese women entering birthing facilities, if body mass index (BMI) was...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics