TITLE

Is Niche Construction Theory Relevant to the Proposed Adoption of Domesticates by Hunter-Gatherers in Southern Africa?

AUTHOR(S)
Parsons, Isabelle
PUB. DATE
March 2015
SOURCE
African Archaeological Review;Mar2015, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p35
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Potential mechanisms by which domestic animals came to be herded by stone-tool users in southern Africa after 2 ka include demic and/or cultural diffusion. Neither theory is unproblematic, but robust archaeological evidence for immigrant stone-tool-using herders in the region continues to be sought. In the meantime, it seems useful to consider how cultural diffusion, or the adoption of herding practices by local hunter-gatherers, might have occurred in theory. It has been suggested that the domestication of plant and animal species by human societies represents prime archaeological evidence of humans enhancing their environment through integrated strategies of ecosystem engineering, or niche construction. This paper suggests that niche construction theory may also shed light on the proposed adoption of domestic species by southern African hunter-gatherers. To do so, it considers evidence for other niche construction activities in the local archaeological and ethnographic records. These activities include the deliberate and controlled burning of vegetation, and landscape modification strategies that limit or control a particular species' movement.
ACCESSION #
102169439

 

Related Articles

  • Beyond the drip-line: a high-resolution open-air Holocene hunter-gatherer sequence from highland Lesotho. Mitchell, Peter; Plug, Ina; Bailey, Geoff; Charles, Ruth; Esterhuysen, Amanda; Thorp, Julia Lee; Parker, Adrian; Woodborne, Stephan // Antiquity;Dec2011, Vol. 85 Issue 330, p1225 

    The activities of hunter-gatherers are often captured in rockshelters, but here the authors present a study of a riverside settlement outside one, with a rich sequence from 1300 BC to AD 800. Thanks to frequent flooding, periods of occupation were sealed and could be examined in situ. The...

  • The Chicken or the Iegue: Human-Animal Relationships and the Columbian Exchange. Norton, Marcy // American Historical Review;Feb2015, Vol. 120 Issue 1, p28 

    The article explores the history of human-animal relationships among indigenous peoples of the Caribbean area and South America during the acculturation process of European imperialism and settlement. Emphasis is given to the cultural aspects of the domestication of livestock animals such as the...

  • Tracking an outfitter. Fuhrmam, Bob // Bowhunter;Aug/Sep97 Special Issue, Vol. 26 Issue 7, p22 

    Presents information on the selection of an outfitter, or hunting association for hunters. Example of a good outfitter; Detailed information on techniques to track great hunts; Guidelines to analysis before signing a contract for an outfitter.

  • The archaeology of the Phuthiatsana-ea Thaba Bosiu Basin, Lesotho, southern Africa: Changes in... Mitchell, Peter // Antiquity;Mar1994, Vol. 68 Issue 258, p83 

    Presents a field survey of an unexplored zone of southern Africa that enlarges and develops knowledge of the region's prehistory. Summary of research carried out between 1988 and 1990; Establishment of a local cultural stratigraphic sequence; Investigation of the settlement and subsistence...

  • Sea level dynamics, glaciers, and archaeology along the central Gulf of Alaska coast. Crowell, Aron L.; Mann, Daniel H. // Arctic Anthropology;1996, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p16 

    Examines the sea level dynamics, glaciers, and archaeology along the Gulf of Alaska coast. Impact of sea level dynamics and glaciers on the preservation of archaeological records; Implications for modeling the paleodemography of prehistoric hunter-gatherer populations; Studies of cultural and...

  • UPCOMING EVENTS. Park, Ed // Predator Xtreme;Oct2008, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p92 

    A calendar of events for hunting clubs in the U.S. from September 2008 through March 2009, including The World's Premier Coyote Hunting Photo Contest on October 1 to March 30, The Texas Trappers and Fur Hunters Association Fall Rendezvous in Junction, Texas on October 17 to 18, and the World...

  • Warfare was uncommon among hunter-gatherers: study.  // Moderate Voice;7/20/2013, p8 

    A blog on warfare among hunter-gatherers is presented.

  • UPCOMING EVENTS. Park, Ed // Predator Xtreme;Jun2008, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p82 

    A calendar of events for different hunting societies in the U.S. is presented, including the 4th Annual Northeast Regional Convention of the National Trappers Association (NTA) in Frankfort, New York from May 16-18, 2008, the 7th Annual Western Regional Convention of the NTA in Nephi, Utah from...

  • Study: Early humans began in southern Africa.  // Digging Stick;Apr2011, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p23 

    The article reports on a genetic study which shows that hunter-gatherer populations in southern Africa had the greatest degree of genetic diversity which is an indicator of longevity.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics