TITLE

Ashraf Ghani, President of Afghanistan

PUB. DATE
October 2019
SOURCE
Biographies for International Security;10/8/2019, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Encyclopedia
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
President Ashraf Ghani took office as the last combat forces of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) withdrew from Afghanistan. Finding a way forward for his country, Ghani faced challenges not only from the Taliban but also from the internal rivalries of a power-sharing government. As a former academic and World Bank official, Ghani has been characterized as a technocrat rather than a politician--committed to highly organized planning and accountability. In contrast, his predecessor, Hamid Karzai, governed by doing favors to maintain alliances. Ghani served as finance minister under Karzai for two years and sharply criticized the waste and corruption of his regime. When Karzai ran for reelection in 2009, the results were so corrupted by fraud that Karzai's opponent, Abdullah Abdullah, withdrew before all the votes were in, despairing of an honest recount. In 2014, Ghani ran for president and won a runoff election against Abdullah, who again protested fraud, throwing the government into crisis. Secretary of State John Kerry negotiated a deal between Ghani and Abdullah that required each of them to 1) accept the results of a recount and 2) include the other in a power-sharing government. Taliban violence increased during and after the 2014 election, dampening hopes for a negotiated settlement with the insurgents. After his inauguration, President Ghani signed the Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA), which enabled 10,000 American troops to remain in Afghanistan as trainers. Seeking to build a new Afghan economy, Ghani visited China and Pakistan to improve security and expand economic relations.
ACCESSION #
100217348

 

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